Martin Macek

postdoctoral researcher

E-mail: martin.macek(at)
Phone: +420 271 015 278

Follow me on ResearchGate


Where? Why? How many?

My research interest is focused on forest ecology with emphasis on species niche modelling, long-term vegetation dynamics and forest microclimate. I participate on research of vegetation dynamics and diversity under extreme conditions of their upper elevation limit in Himalaya.


2010 – present: research assistant at Institute of Botany, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Průhonice, Czech Republic

Research project participation:

2019 –  (TAČR ZETA TJ02000281) Innovative microclimate measurement as a tool for forest management in NP Bohemian Forest. PI: Josef Brůna

2019 – (GAČR 19-20970Y) Land use, social transformations and woodland in Central European Prehistory. Modelling approaches to human-environment interactions. PI: Jan Kolář

2018 (NP Šumava 207226NP) Microclimate characteristics of natural forest stages influenced by disturbances and management. PI: Josef Brůna

2017-2019 (GAČR GA17-19376S) Ecological and Evolutionary Responses of Plants to Climate Change: Growth Analysis across Ecosystems and Evolutionary Linkages. PI: Jiří Doležal

2017 – 2019 (GAČR GA17-13998S ) Forest microclimate – neglected link between plant diversity and climate change. PI: Jan Wild

2017 – 2018 (GAČR GA17-09283S) Humans as nature: anthropogenic legacy in temperate forest ecosystems. PI: Radim Hédl

2017 – 2019 (GAČR GA17-07378S) Spatiotemporal reconstruction of tropical cyclones and their impact on the forest structure and diversity in Northeast Asia. PI: Jan Altman

2015 – 2017 (GAUK 359515) Parametrization of ecological niche of forest plant species. PI: Martin Macek

2013 – 2017 (GAČR GA13-13368S) Plant diversity changes under climate warming: from regional flora to microhabitat adaptation and diversity patterns. PI: Jiří Doležal.

2012 – 2016 (ERC 278065) Long-term woodland dynamics in Central Europe: from estimations to a realistic model. PI: Peter Szabó.

2011 – 2013 (TAČR TA01021283) Vývoj a kalibrace modulární autonomní stanice pro měření vlhkostních a teplotních podmínek v rozsáhlých bodových polích. PI: Jan Wild.

2010 – 2013 (GAČR P504/10/0843)  The role of disturbances in dynamics of temperate mountain spruce-dominated forests – a landscape simulation model of the Šumava Mts. PI: Jan Wild.



2020 PhD in Botany. Thesis: “Patterns and processes in spatial distribution of plant species across scales”. Charles University, Faculty of Science, Dept. of Botany. Prague, Czech Republic.

2011 MSc in Botany: Vliv světla na složení a diverzitu lesní vegetace v Českém Středohoří (Effects of light on understory vegetation composition and diversity). Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Dept. of Botany, Czech Republic.

2009 Bachelor in Ecological and Evolutionary Biology. Thesis: Variabilita vegetace dubohabrových lesů na jemné škále
(Small-scale vegetation variability of oak-hornbeam forests). Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Dept. of Botany, Czech Republic.


Kolář J., Macek M., Tkáč P., Novák D. & Abraham V. (2022) Long-term demographic trends and spatio-temporal distribution of past human activity in Central Europe: Comparison of archaeological and palaeoecological proxies. Quaternary Science Reviews 297: 107834.

Man M., Wild J., Macek M. & Kopecký M. (2022) Can high-resolution topography and forest canopy structure substitute microclimate measurements? Bryophytes say no. Science of The Total Environment 153377.

Staude I.R., Pereira H.M., Daskalova G.N., Bernhardt‐Römermann M., Diekmann M., …, Macek M., … & Baeten L. (2021) Directional turnover towards larger‐ranged plants over time and across habitats. Ecology Letters 25: 466–482.

Lembrechts J.J., van den Hoogen J., Aalto J., Ashcroft M.B., De Frenne P., Kemppinen J., Kopecký M., Luoto M., Maclean I.M.D., … (incl. Brůna J., Hederová L., Macek M., Man M., Wild J.), … & Lenoir J. (2021) Global maps of soil temperature. Global Change Biology 28: 3110-3144 

Macek M., Dvorský M., Klimeš A., Wild J., Doležal J. & Kopecký M. (2021) Midpoint attractor models resolve the mid‐elevation peak in Himalayan plant species richness. Ecography 1–13.

Haesen S., Lembrechts J.J., Frenne P. De, Lenoir J., Aalto J., Ashcroft M.B., Kopecký M., Luoto M., …, Macek M., …, Wild J., Zellweger F. & Meerbeek K. Van (2021) ForestTemp – ­ Sub- ­ canopy microclimate temperatures of European forests. Global Change Biology 1–13. 

Macek M., Dvorský M., Kopecký M., Wild J. & Doležal J. (2021) Elevational range size patterns of vascular plants in Himalaya contradict Rapoport’s rule. Journal of Ecology 1365-2745.13772.

Caron M.M., Zellweger F., Verheyen K., Baeten L., Hédl R., Bernhardt‐Römermann M., Berki I., Brunet J., Decocq G., Díaz S., Dirnböck T., Durak T., Heinken T., Jaroszewicz B., Kopecký M., Lenoir J., Macek M., Malicki M., Máliš F., Nagel T.A., Perring M.P., Petřík P., Reczyńska K., Pielech R., Schmidt W., Świerkosz K., Teleki B., Wulf M. & De Frenne P. (2021) Thermal differences between juveniles and adults increased over time in European forest trees. Journal of Ecology 1365-2745.13773.

Kašpar V., Hederová L., Macek M., Müllerová J., Prošek J., Surový P., Wild J. & Kopecký M. (2021) Temperature buffering in temperate forests: Comparing microclimate models based on ground measurements with active and passive remote sensing. Remote Sensing of Environment 263: 112522.

Dolezal J., Jandova V., Macek M. & Liancourt P. (2021) Contrasting biomass allocation responses across ontogeny and stress gradients reveal plant adaptations to drought and cold. Functional Ecology 35:32-42

Dolezal J., Jandova V., Macek M., Mudrak O., Altman J., Schweingruber F.H. & Liancourt P. (2021) Climate warming drives Himalayan alpine plant growth and recruitment dynamics. Journal of Ecology 109:179-190

Kopecký M., Macek M. & Wild J. (2021) Topographic Wetness Index calculation guidelines based on measured soil moisture and plant species composition. Science of The Total Environment 757: 143785.

Depauw L., Perring M.P., Landuyt D., Maes S.L., Blondeel H., De Lombaerde E., Brūmelis G., Brunet J., Closset‐Kopp D., Decocq G., Ouden J. Den, Härdtle W., Hédl R., Heinken T., Heinrichs S., Jaroszewicz B., Kopecký M., Liepiņa I., Macek M., Máliš F., Schmidt W., Smart S.M., Ujházy K., Wulf M. & Verheyen K. (2020) Evaluating structural and compositional canopy characteristics to predict the light-demand-signature of the forest understorey in mixed, semi-natural temperate forests. Applied Vegetation Science 24: avsc.12532

Kirschner J., Štěpánek J., Klimeš L., Dvorský M., Brůna J., Macek M. & Kopecký M. (2020) The Taraxacum Flora of Ladakh, with notes on the adjacent regions of the West Himalaya. Phytotaxa 457: 1–409.

Zellweger F., De Frenne P., Lenoir J., Vangansbeke P., Verheyen K., Bernhardt-Römermann M., Baeten L., Hédl R., Berki I., Brunet J., Van Calster H., Chudomelová M., Decocq G., Dirnböck T., Durak T., Heinken T., Jaroszewicz B., Kopecký M., Máliš F., Macek M., Malicki M., Naaf T., Nagel T.A., Ortmann-Ajkai A., Petřík P., Pielech R., Reczyńska K., Schmidt W., Standovár T., Świerkosz K., Teleki B., Vild O., Wulf M. & Coomes D. (2020) Forest microclimate dynamics drive plant responses to warming. Science 368: 772–775.

Liancourt P., Song X., Macek M., Santrucek J. & Dolezal J. (2020) Plants’ eye view of temperature governs elevational distributions. Global Change Biology gcb.15129.

Lembrechts J.J., Aalto J., Ashcroft M.B., De Frenne P., Kopecký M., Lenoir J., Luoto M., Maclean I.M.D., … , Macek M., Man M., Wild J., … & Nijs I. (2020) SoilTemp: a global database of near‐surface temperature. Global Change Biology 131: gcb.15123.

Staude I.R., Waller D.M., Bernhardt-Römermann M., Bjorkman A.D., Brunet J., De Frenne P., Hédl R., Jandt U., Lenoir J., Máliš F., Verheyen K., Wulf M., Pereira H.M., Vangansbeke P., Ortmann-Ajkai A., Pielech R., Berki I., Chudomelová M., Decocq G., Dirnböck T., Durak T., Heinken T., Jaroszewicz B., Kopecký M., Macek M., Malicki M., Naaf T., Nagel T.A., Petřík P., Reczyńska K., Schei F.H., Schmidt W., Standovár T., Świerkosz K., Teleki B., Van Calster H., Vild O. & Baeten L. (2020) Replacements of small- by large-ranged species scale up to diversity loss in Europe’s temperate forest biome. Nature Ecology & Evolution 4:802-808

Depauw, L., M. P. Perring, D. Landuyt, S. L. Maes, H. Blondeel, E. De Lombaerde, G. Brūmelis, J. Brunet, D. Closset-Kopp, J. Czerepko, G. Decocq, J. Den Ouden, R. Gawryś, W. Härdtle, R. Hédl, T. Heinken, S. Heinrichs, B. Jaroszewicz, M. Kopecký, I. Liepiņa, M. Macek, F. Máliš, W. Schmidt, S. M. Smart, K. Ujházy, M. Wulf, and K. Verheyen. 2019. Light availability and land-use history drive biodiversity and functional changes in forest herb layer communities. Journal of Ecology 108:1411-1425 doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.13339

Šipoš, J., Chudomelová M., Vild O., Macek M., Kopecký M., Szabó P., & Hédl R. (2019) Plant diversity in deciduous temperate forests reflects interplay among ancient and recent environmental stress. Journal of Vegetation Science: 31:53-62

Macek, M., Kopecký M., & Wild J. (2019) Maximum air temperature controlled by landscape topography affects plant species composition in temperate forests. Landscape Ecology 34:2541-2556.

Knapp M., Seid M., Knappová J., Macek M., & Saska P. (2019). Temporal changes in the spatial distribution of carabid beetles around arable field-woodlot boundaries. Scientific Reports 9:8967.

Dolezal, J., Kopecky M., Dvorsky M., Macek M., Rehakova K., Capkova K., Borovec J., Schweingruber F., Liancourt P., Altman J. (2019) Sink limitation of plant growth determines treeline in the arid Himalayas. Functional Ecology 33:553-565.

Wild, J., Kopecký M., Macek M., Šanda M., Jankovec J., & Haase T. (2019) Climate at ecologically relevant scales: A new temperature and soil moisture logger for long-term microclimate measurement. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 268:40–47. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.12.018

Dolezal, J., M. Dvorský, M. Kopecký, J. Altman, O. Mudrák, K. Čapková, K. Řeháková, M. Macek, and P. Liancourt. (2019) Functionally distinct assembly of vascular plants colonizing alpine cushions suggests their vulnerability to climate change. Annals of Botany 123:569-578.

Altman, J., Ukhvatkina O. N. , Omelko A. M., Macek M., Plener T., Pejcha V., Cerny T., Petrik P., Srutek M., Song J.-S., Zhmerenetsky A. A., Vozmishcheva A. S., Krestov P. V., Petrenko T. Y., Treydte K., & Dolezal J. (2018) Poleward migration of the destructive effects of tropical cyclones during the 20th century. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115 (45):11543-11548.

De Lombaerde, E., K. Verheyen, M. P. Perring, M. Bernhardt-Römermann, H. Van Calster, J. Brunet, M. Chudomelová, G. Decocq, M. Diekmann, T. Durak, R. Hédl, T. Heinken, P. Hommel, B. Jaroszewicz, M. Kopecký, J. Lenoir, M. Macek, F. Máliš, F. J. G. Mitchell, T. Naaf, M. Newman, P. Petřík, K. Reczyńska, W. Schmidt, K. Świerkosz, O. Vild, M. Wulf, and L. Baeten. (2018). Responses of competitive understorey species to spatial environmental gradients inaccurately explain temporal changes. Basic and Applied Ecology 30:52-64. doi: 10.1016/j.baae.2018.05.013

Vild O., Šipoš J., Szabó P., Macek M., Chudomelová M., Kopecký M., Suchánková S., Houška J., Kotačka M. & Hédl R. (2018) Legacy of historical litter raking in temperate forest plant communities. Journal of Vegetation Science 29:596-606. doi: 10.1111/jvs.12642

Kolář, J., Macek, M. & Szabó, P. (2018) Using archaeology for population estimates and land-use reconstructions: a perspective from Central Europe. Past Global Changes Magazine 26:30-31.

Szabó, P., Suchánková S., Křížová L, Kotačka M., Kvardová M., Macek M., Müllerová J., and Brázdil R. (2018) More than trees: The challenges of creating a geodatabase to capture the complexity of forest history. Historical Methods: A Journal of Quantitative and Interdisciplinary History 5440:1–15. doi: 10.1080/01615440.2018.1444523

Röder, M., Latifi, H., Hill, S., Wild, J., Svoboda, M., Brůna, J., Macek, M., Nováková, M. H., Gülch, E., Heurich, M. (2018). Application of optical unmanned aerial vehicle-based imagery for the inventory of natural regeneration and standing deadwood in post-disturbed spruce forests. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 39(15-16), 5288-5309. doi:10.1080/01431161.2018.1441568

Dvorský, M., Macek M., Kopecký M., Wild J., Doležal J. (2017) Niche asymmetry of vascular plants increases with elevation. Journal of Biogeography 44 (6) 1418-1425.

Macek, M., J. Wild, M. Kopecký, J. Červenka, M. Svoboda, J. Zenáhlíková, J. Brůna, R. Mosandl, and A. Fischer. (2017) Life and death of Picea abies after bark-beetle outbreak: ecological processes driving seedling recruitment. Ecological Applications 27:156–167.

Verheyen, K., P. De Frenne, L. Baeten, D. M. Waller, R. Hédl, M. P. Perring, H. Blondeel, J. Brunet, M. Chudomelová, G. Decocq, E. De Lombaerde, L. Depauw, T. Dirnböck, T. Durak, O. Eriksson, F. S. Gilliam, T. Heinken, S. Heinrichs, M. Hermy, B. Jaroszewicz, M. A. Jenkins, S. E. Johnson, K. J. Kirby, M. Kopecký, D. Landuyt, J. Lenoir, D. Li, M. Macek, S. L. Maes, F. Máliš, F. J. G. Mitchell, T. Naaf, G. Peterken, P. Petřík, K. Reczyńska, D. A. Rogers, F. Hø. Schei, W. Schmidt, T. Standovár, K. Świerkosz, K. Ujházy, H. Van Calster, M. Vellend, O. Vild, K. Woods, M. Wulf, and M. Bernhardt-Römermann. (2017) Combining Biodiversity Resurveys across Regions to Advance Global Change Research. BioScience 67:73–83.

Kolář J., Tkáč P., Macek M. & Szabó P. (2016) Archaeology and historical ecology: the archaeological database of the LONGWOOD ERC project. Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt 46:539-554.

Kolář J., P. Kuneš P., P. Szabó, M. Hajnalová, H. Svobodová-Svitavská, M. Macek, P. Tkáč. 2016 Population and forest dynamics during the Central European Eneolithic (4500-2000 BC). (2016) Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences doi:10.1007/s12520-016-0446-5

Dolezal, J., M. Dvorsky, M. Kopecky, P. Liancourt, I. Hiiesalu, M. Macek, J. Altman, Z. Chlumska, K. Rehakova, K. Capkova, J. Borovec, O. Mudrak, J. Wild, and F. Schweingruber. (2016) Vegetation dynamics at the upper elevational limit of vascular plants in Himalaya. Scientific Reports 6:24881.

Kolář J., P. Szabó P., M. Macek & P. Tkáč., (2016) Spatio-temporal modelling as a way to reconstruct patterns of past human activities. Archeometry 58 (3): 513-528

Dvorský, M., Z. Chlumská, J. Altman, K. Čapková, K. Řeháková, M. Macek, M. Kopecký, P. Liancourt, and J. Doležal. (2016) Gardening in the zone of death: an experimental assessment of the absolute elevation limit of vascular plants. Scientific Reports 6:24440.

Fischer, A., H. S. Fischer, M. Kopecký, M. Macek, and J. Wild. 2015. Small changes in species composition despite stand-replacing bark beetle outbreak in Picea abies mountain forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 45:1164–1171.

Bernhardt-Römermann, M., L. Baeten, D. Craven, P. De Frenne, R. Hédl, J. Lenoir, D. Bert, J. Brunet, M. Chudomelová, G. Decocq, H. Dierschke, T. Dirnböck, I. Dörfler, T. Heinken, M. Hermy, P. Hommel, B. Jaroszewicz, A. Keczyński, D. L. Kelly, K. J. Kirby, M. Kopecký, M. Macek, F. Máliš, M. Mirtl, F. J. G. Mitchell, T. Naaf, M. Newman, G. Peterken, P. Petřík, W. Schmidt, T. Standovár, Z. Tóth, H. Van Calster, G. Verstraeten, J. Vladovič, O. Vild, M. Wulf, and K. Verheyen. 2015. Drivers of temporal changes in temperate forest plant diversity vary across spatial scales. Global Change Biology 21:3726–3737.

Kuneš, P., Kolář, J., Hajnalová, M., Abraham, V., Svobodová-Svitavská, H., Macek, M., Tkáč, P., and Szabó, P., 2015. The origin of grasslands in the temperate forest zone of east-central Europe: long-term legacy of climate and human impact. Quarternary Science Reviews 116, 15–27.

Kopecký, M., Macek, M., 2015. Vegetation resurvey is robust to plot location uncertainty. Diversity and Distributions 21, 322–330.


Chianucci F. & Macek M. (2022) hemispheR: an R package for fisheye canopy image analysis. bioRxiv 1–21.;

Conference presentations

62nd IAVS Symposium 2019, Bremen. Bremen, Germany 14. – 19. 7. 2019. Presentation: Macek, M., Kopecký, M. & Wild J. Buffering climate change impacts in forests: it is not (only) about temperature

Climate Change Biogeography: International Biogeographical Society meeting: 20. – 24. 3. 2018, Évora, Portugal. Poster: Macek M., Dvorský M., Kopecký M., Wild J. & Doležal J. Can ecological rules survive in Himalaya?

2018 IAVS 61st Annual Symposium. Bozeman, Montana, USA 22. -27.7.2018. Presentation: Macek M., Kopecký M. & Wild J. What do forest plants think about climate?; Poster: Macek M., Dvorský M., Kopecký M., Wild J. & Doležal J. Can ecological rules survive in Himalaya?

Conference on Forests. Neuschönau, Germany 26. – 29. 4. 2017. Presentation: Macek M, Wild K., Kopecký M., Svoboda M. & Fischer A. Life and death of spruce forest:  ecological processes in the first 12 years after bark-beetle outbreak.

British Ecological Society Annual Meeting 2016. Liverpool, UK 11. – 14. 11. 2016. Presentation: Macek M., Müllerová J., Kopecký M. & Szabó P. Historical distribution of tree species: a bridge between native and actual range?

15th Meeting on Vegetation Databases. Potsdam, Germany 2. – 4. 3. 2016. Poster: Macek, M., Kopecký, M. & Hédl R. Regional drivers of forest vegetation change.

58th Annual Symposium of the International Association for Vegetation Science: Understanding broad-scale vegetation patterns. Brno, Czechia. 19. – 24. 7. 2015. Presentation: Macek, M., Kopecký, M. & Hédl R. Modelled niche parameters along soil reaction gradient outperform Ellenberg indicator values.

56th IAVS Symposium. Tartu, Estonia 26. – 30. 6. 2013. Poster: Macek M. & Kopecký M. Scale matters: Disentangling drivers of fine-scale and regional species richness pattern in temperate forest understorey.